About this Statement

Coinsquare Capital Markets Inc. (“Coinsquare”) is offering crypto contracts to purchase and sell Ethereum Classic in reliance on a prospectus exemption granted by the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) in the exemptive relief decision dated October 12, 2022. The statutory rights of action for damages and the right of rescission in section 130.1 of the Securities Act (Ontario) and similar legislation in the other CSA jurisdictions do not apply in respect of a misrepresentation in this statement to the extent that a crypto contract is distributed under the above-noted prospectus relief.

No securities regulatory authority in Canada or any other jurisdiction has expressed an opinion about any of the crypto assets (or crypto contracts) that are available through Coinsquare’s platform, including an opinion that the crypto assets are not themselves securities and/or derivatives.

Coinsquare has compiled the information contained in this Crypto Asset Statement to the best of its ability based on publicly available information.

About Ethereum Classic

In 2014, Ethereum founders Vitalik Buterin, Gavin Wood and Jeffrey Wilcke began work on a next-generation blockchain that had the ambitions to implement a general, fully trustless smart contract platform. In 2016, after a controversial hard fork, Ethereum mainline spawned a new network with new consensus rules, giving birth to Ethereum Classic. Today, it continues to follow the original network rules and has maintained the original Ethereum vision ever since.

Risks

As with all assets, investing in Ethereum Classic is not without some general risks. Many of these risks are identified and explained in our Risk Statement.

The relevant sections in the Risk Statement are as follows:  

Platform Risk, Short History Risk, Price Volatility, Potential Decrease in Global Demand for Digital Assets, Potential for Illiquid Markets, Transfers of Digital Assets are Irreversible, Concentration Risks, Uncertainty in Regulation, Financial Institutions May Refuse to Support Transactions Involving Digital Assets,  Digital Assets’ Blockchain May Temporarily or Permanently Fork and/or Split, Cyber-Security Risk, Airdrops, Issues with Cryptography Underlying Digital Asset Networks, Internet Risk, Open Loop System, Risk if Entity Gains a 51% Share of Digital Asset Network, Possible Increase in Transaction Fees, Possible Increase in Service Fees, Limited Canadian Investor Protection Fund Account, No Voting Rights, Custody of Digital Assets, Custody Risk Insurance, Threats to Coinsquare’s Physical Assets, Covid-19 Outbreak, Use of Leverage, Halting, Suspending, and Discontinuing Digital Assets.

In addition to the general risks, we outline some risks that are specific to Ethereum Classic below. While we make an effort to identify every source of risk, we encourage you to do your own research and ensure you are comfortable investing in Ethereum Classic.

51% Attacks Against the Ethereum Classic Network

The Ethereum Classic network experienced three instances of 51% attacks in August 2020 where a single entity gained control of 51% of the network nodes. In this situation that single entity had the ability to control the state of the Ethereum Classic blockchain.1 The potential for this type of attack exists in all decentralized blockchains that employ proof-of-work consensus, however three successfully executed attacks may be indicative of unreliable security, or a low cost to successfully execute an attack within the Ethereum Classic Network. Investors should consider the network security and history of 51% attacks when evaluating ETC.

Coinsquare’s Due Diligence for Digital Assets

To be made available for trading on Coinsquare’s platform, a digital asset must pass the following due diligence reviews:

  1. Coinsquare Securities Law Assessment
  2. Coinsquare Digital Asset Security Audit
  3. New Digital Asset Business Case

Coinsquare undertakes these three levels of due diligence in order to determine whether the digital asset is compliant with our legal and regulatory obligations, is secure, and has historical data supporting a beneficial business case. Coinsquare’s New Product Committee must provide final approval for a new digital asset to be made available on the platform.

References:

  1. Forkast.News. “51% Attacks a “Universal Problem” For Proof of Work, says ETC Labs CEO.” Decrypt. September 7, 2020. https://decrypt.co/41044/repeated-51-hacks-on-ethereum-classic-are-increasingly-frustrating-says-etc-labs-ceo

Last updated on Jun 17, 2024